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FAQ

1. HOW MUCH HAIR DO WE HAVE ON OUR HEAD?
FROM 100.000 TO 150.000 HAIR FOLLICLES, EACH ONE WITH AN INDEPENDENT LIFE CYCLE. THIS NUMBER DEPENDS ON HEREDITARY FACTORS, AGE AND RACE.
2. WHAT DOES A HAIR LIFE CYCLE MEAN?
EACH HAIR HAS AN ACTIVITY DEFINED "CYCLIC", THAT IS, AN ACTIVITY THAT DOES NOT GROW REGULARLY AND CONTINUOUSLY, BUT IT IS SUBJECT TO THE PHASES OF THE LIFE CYCLE. FIRST, THERE IS A PHASE OF INTENSE GROWTH, CALLED "ANAGEN" WHICH LASTS FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS; THEN, THERE IS A PHASE OF INVOLUTION, CALLED "CATAGEN", WHEN THE HAIR GROWTH IS ARRESTED AND THIS PHASE LASTS 3-4 WEEKS. FINALLY, THERE IS THE RESTING PHASE CALLED "TELOGEN" IN ORDER TO COMPLETE AND CLOSE THE CYCLE OF PHASES. THIS LAST PHASE IS SIMILAR TO A REAL LETHARGY. IT LASTS ABOUT 3 MONTHS, AFTER THAT THE OLD HAIR FALLS, SO THAT A NEW ONE IS PRODUCED BY A NEW "ANAGEN" PHASE.
3. THEREFORE, DOES EVERY HAIR FALL?
YES, AND THEN IT IS SUBSTITUTED BY A NEW HAIR. THE AVERAGE LIFE OF ONE HAIR IS 3-6 YEARS DEPENDING ON AGE, STATE OF HEALTH AND HEREDITARY FACTORS.
4. HOW MUCH HAIR DOES EVERY DAY FALL?
FROM 30 TO 50. THIS NUMBER MAY VARY BECAUSE IT DEPENDS ON THE TOTAL NUMBER OF HAIR.
5. IS IT TRUE THAT THE HAIR REFLECTS OUR STATE OF HEALTH?
YES, THE HAIR COULD SHOW SOME PHYSICAL AND PSYCHICAL ALTERATIONS AND CAN BE CONSIDERED AS A SPY FOR OUR GENERAL STATE OF HEALTH. FULL-BODIED, SHINY HAIR WITH A GROWTH OF AN AVERAGE OF 1-1,5 CENTIMETRES A MONTH INDICATES HEALTH. BECAUSE OF STRESS, ANXIETY AND WHEN THE ORGANISM IS POOR IN MINERALS, PROTEINS OR VITAMINS, HAIR BECOMES WEAK, DAMAGED AND LOSES THEIR BODY AND SHINE.
6. I LIKE WASHING MY HAIR OFTEN. CAN THIS HABIT MAKE MY HAIR FALL?
IF YOU USE THE RIGHT PRODUCTS, HAIR IS NOT DAMAGED BY FREQUENT WASHES. BUT WE MUST SAY THAT A WRONG SHAMPOO DOES NOT INEVITABLY IMPLY HAIR LOSS. IT COULD DAMAGE HAIR QUALITY AND AESTHETIC PROPERTIES BUT IT CANNOT CHANGE THE QUANTITY.
7. HOW OFTEN DO I NEED TO WASH MY HAIR?
THERE IS NOT A GENERAL RULE FOR IT. IT IS IMPORTANT TO ELIMINATE ALL IMPURITIES AS FAT, DANDRUFF, ENVIRONMENTAL DUSTS AND AIR POLLUTION. MOREOVER, IT DEPENDS ON THE PROFESSION (THAT IS, A COOK OR A BRICKLAYER NEEDS TO WASH THE HAIR DAILY) OR IF A PERSON PRACTISES SPORTS OR GOES TO THE GYM.
8. WHICH IS THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR OUR HAIR?
IT IS NECESSARY TO MAKE AN ACCURATE HAIR CHECK-UP FOR IT.
9. WHAT IS THE HAIR CHECK-UP?
HAIR CHECK-UP IS A SERIES OF TESTS FOR EVALUATING HAIR AND SCALP STATE AND THEREFORE CHOOSING THE SPECIFIC PRODUCTS. HAIR CHECK-UP PERMITS YOU TO RECOGNIZE A PROBLEM WHERE IT EXISTS AND SOLVE IT WITH THE RIGHT TREATMENTS. IT IS SUGGESTED A PERIODICAL HAIR CHECK-UP, AS FOR EYES AND TEETH.
10. WHAT IS A HAIR MADE OF?
EACH HAIR IS COMPOSED BY AN EXTERNAL PART, THE SHAFT, AND AN INTERNAL PART, CALLED ROOT, WHICH TERMINATES WITH AN OVOIDAL PART CALLED BULB. INSIDE THE BULB THERE IS THE PAPILLA, A DERMAL STRUCTURE WHERE NEW CELLS ARE CONSTANTLY BEING PRODUCED IN ORDER TO FORM THE HAIR. THE CELLS ARRANGE TO CREATE THE STRUCTURE OF THE SHAFT. THE HAIR TOGETHER WITH THE SEBACEOUS GLAND FORM THE PILO-SEBACEOUS COMPLEX. THEREFORE, HAIR HEALTH AND BEAUTY DEPEND ON THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE PILO-SEBACEOUS COMPLEX.
11. WHY IT IS SAID THAT FEAR MAKES YOUR HAIR STAND ON END?
WHEN THE HAIR IS GROWN, IT HAS A CYLINDRICAL SHAPE, LENGTHENED AND THIN, DIAGONALLY PLACED ON SCALP WITH AN ANGLE OF ABOUT 75° WHERE THERE IS A LITTLE MUSCLE, THE ARRECTOR PILI. IN CASE OF A VERY STRONG FEELING, THIS MUSCLE CONTRACTS AND THE HAIR STANDS ON END. THIS PHENOMENON IS BETTER VISIBLE ON ARMS WHERE THE HAIRS ARE LIGHTER AND THEY STAND UP IN A MORE EVIDENT WAY, THE SO CALLED “GOOSE-FLESH”. THIS IS CALLED HORRIPILATION, A PHENOMENON VERY IMPORTANT FOR ANIMALS. IN FACT, WHEN A COATED ANIMAL IS IN DANGER, FOR EXAMPLE IN FRONT OF AN ENEMY, IT RUFFLES ITS HAIR SO THAT IT SEEMS BIGGER AND THREATENING SO THAT IT CAN DISCOURAGE THE AGGRESSOR.
12. WHY DO SPLIT ENDS FORM?
CUTTING A HAIR HORIZONTALLY WE CAN FIND THREE CONCENTRIC LAYERS CALLED CUTICLE, CORTEX AND MEDULLA. THE MEDULLA IS NOT PRESENT IN THIN HAIR. THE CUTICLE COATS THE CORTEX AND IT IS FORMED BY KERATIN FLAKES OVERLAPPED LIKE ROOF TILES SO FORMING A COMPACT AND ORDERLY LAYER, THE CORTEX, WHICH REPRESENTS THE HAIR’S BODY. IT HAS A STRUCTURE OF KERATIN MICROFILAMENTS WOUND INTO A SPIRAL SHAPE SO FORMING MACROFILAMENTS SURROUNDED BY AMORPHOUS KERATIN, OLIGO-ELEMENTS AND MELANIN GRANULES. IF YOUR HAIR IS WEAK OR DAMAGED BY TOO AGGRESSIVE TREATMENTS, ITS SCALES ARE IRREGULAR, SHORTER AND SEPARATED. THEREFORE, THE CORTEX IS NO MORE PROTECTED BY THE CUTICLE AND IT LOSES ITS ADHERENCE SO CAUSING SPLIT ENDS.
13. DURING THIS PERIOD I HAVE A MORE ABUNDANT HAIR LOSS. DO I NEED TO WORRY ABOUT IT?
FIRST OF ALL IT IS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND IF IT IS A NATURAL PROCESS OR IT IS A REAL HAIR LOSS. LOOSING UP TO 50 HAIRS PER DAY IS NORMAL. IF THE HAIR LOSS IS HIGHER AND PERSISTS FOR A LONG TIME, THE NUMBER OF HAIR BEGINS TO DECREASE UNTIL A REAL HAIR LOSS.
14. WHY DOES HAIR FALL OUT?
HAIR LOSS CAN HAVE MANY CAUSES AND THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME OF THE MOST COMMONLY KNOWN: STRESS, IMBALANCED DIET, DISEASES, HORMONAL DISORDERS, MEDICATIONS, HEREDITARY FACTORS, LACK OF SOME MINERALS OR VITAMINS.
15. HOW CAN STRESS AND DIET CAUSE HAIR LOSS?
THE BLOOD VESSELS NOURISH AND SUPPLY OXYGEN TO OUR HAIR. IF STRESS IS FREQUENT OR CONTINUOUS, THEN THERE IS A POOR CIRCULATION ON SCALP WHICH CAUSES THE ATROPHY OF HAIR BULB. ALSO THE DIET IS IMPORTANT: IF YOUR DIET IS NOT BALANCED AND REGULAR, SOME SUBSTANCES NECESSARY TO THE NORMAL HAIR GROWTH MAY BE MISSING.
16. IS IT TRUE THAT EVERYONE LOSES HAIR, PARTICULARLY DURING AUTUMN?
IT IS NOT A RULE AND IT IS LINKED TO THE PHENOMENON EXPERIENCED BY MAMMALS WITH FUR CALLED “SEASONAL MOULDING”. IT SEEMS THAT HAIR LOSS DURING AUTUMN IS CAUSED BY THE AGGRESSIONS THAT HAIR SUFFERS DURING SUMMER, SUCH AS SUN, WIND, SALT, HIGHER SKIN PERSPIRATION, LACK OF SOME MINERALS. ALL THIS COULD BE THE CAUSE OF HAIR LOSS OR WEAK HAIR.
17. WHAT IS DANDRUFF?
IT IS A SCALP DISORDER AND NOT A HAIR DISEASE. DANDRUFF IS A DESQUAMATION OF THE STRATUM CORNEUM WHICH IS THE UPPER LAYER OF THE SKIN. SCALP DESQUAMATION IS NORMAL, IT AFFECTS THE ENTIRE BODY AND IT IS CAUSED BY SKIN CELLULAR RENEWAL. DANDRUFF BECOMES VISIBLE BECAUSE OF THE WHITE FLAKES AND IT COULD BE DRY DANDRUFF OR GREASY DANDRUFF.
18. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DRY DANDRUFF AND GREASY DANDRUFF?
THE FIRST IS CHARACTERIZED BY THIN, GREY OR WHITE POWDERY FLAKES SPREAD OVER THE ENTIRE SCALP AND THAT FALL ON SHOULDERS. GREASY DANDRUFF IS CHARACTERIZED BY BIGGER, YELLOWISH AND OILY FLAKES WHICH AFFECT THE MORE SEBORRHEIC AREAS, SUCH AS FOREHEAD, VERTEX, NAPE AND EARS. GREASY DANDRUFF IS ALWAYS LINKED TO AN EXCESSIVE SEBACEOUS SECRETION. THOSE WHO SUFFER FROM DANDRUFF OFTEN HAVE ITCHING AND REDNESS.
19. IS DANDRUFF CONTAGIOUS?
NO, IT ISN’T, BUT A SCALP SUFFERING FROM DANDRUFF IS RICH IN MICRO-ORGANISMS, INCLUDING THE PITYROSPORON OVALE WHICH HAS A MAJOR ROLE IN MAKING THE CONDITION WORSE BY INCREASING THE SPEED OF EPIDERMAL TURN-OVER.
20. I NOTICED THAT THE QUANTITY OF DANDRUFF CHANGES AND IT SOMETIMES BECOMES EXCESSIVE. WHY?
DANDRUFF IS A VERY COMMON PROBLEM. APPROXIMATELY 40% OF THE POPULATION SUFFERS FROM DANDRUFF FOR A CERTAIN PERIOD OF TIME (ONE MAN OUT OF TWO AND ONE WOMAN OUT OF THREE) MOSTLY BETWEEN 20 AND 40 YEARS OLD. IT IS RARE IN CHILDREN AND LESS FREQUENT IN OLD PERSONS. THEREFORE, DANDRUFF IS LIKELY TO BE INFLUENCED BY HORMONAL CHANGES. WHEN YOU SUFFER FROM DANDRUFF, IT MAY LAST FOR ALL YOUR LIFE WITH ITS UPS AND DOWNS. IN FACT, SEASONALITY HAS A GREAT INFLUENCE ON DANDRUFF THAT DISAPPEARS DURING SUMMER AND APPEARS AGAIN DURING AUTUMN, REACHING ITS MAXIMUM DURING WINTER.
21. WHICH ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF DANDRUFF?
DANDRUFF IS NOT A DISEASE, IT IS A DISORDER, BUT IT COULD HAVE SOME CONSEQUENCES ON HAIR. VISIBLE DANDRUFF FLAKES ON THICK AND WAVY HAIR MAKE IT LOSE ITS BEAUTY, SO GIVING THE IMPRESSION OF CARELESSNESS AND POOR HYGIENE. IN SOME CASES, IT MAY OCCUR ITCHING, ESPECIALLY 2 OR 3 DAYS AFTER HAVING WASHED THE HAIR. REMEMBER THAT THOSE WHO ARE SUBJECT TO DANDRUFF, HAVE A THINNER STRATUM CORNEUM AND A FASTER EPIDERMAL CELLS TURN-OVER WITH A CONSEQUENT INCREASE IN MICROBIAL FLORA.
22. CAN GEL AND HAIR SPRAY CAUSE DANDRUFF?
NO, IF THEY ARE APPLIED ONLY ON HAIR SHAFT.
23. HOW CAN DIET INFLUENCE THE CONDITIONS OF OUR HAIR?
HAIR BEAUTY AND HEALTH DEPEND ON OUR GOOD BODY CONDITIONS. IN FACT, HAIR EXTERNALLY REFLECTS HOW WE ARE INSIDE. HIGH FEVER, EXCESSIVE STRESS AND CONTINUOUS USE OF MEDICATIONS COULD CAUSE AN ORGANIC IMBALANCE WHICH LEADS TO A HAIR WEAKENING. PAY ATTENTION ALSO TO LONG LASTING AND IMBALANCED DIETS WITHOUT CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR: AMINO-ACIDS, VITAMINS, MINERAL SALTS AND METALS ARE NECESSARY BECAUSE THEY PLAY A FUNDAMENTAL ROLE IN HAIR FIBRE. IN THE FIELD OF HAIR CARE, A BALANCED DIET IMPROVES THE RESULTS OF MEDICAL AND AESTHETIC TREATMENTS ON SCALP. MOREOVER, IT IS SUGGESTED TO ELIMINATE EXCESS TOXINS FROM OUR BODY. THEREFORE, IT IS NECESSARY A DETOXIFYING DIET, MAINLY BASED ON RAW FOOD, RICH IN VITAMINS, DRINK A LOT OF LIQUIDS AND HAVE SOME FAST PERIOD WITHOUT EATING "TOXIC" FOOD, SUCH AS: FRIED FOOD, ANIMAL FATS, SPICES, ALCOHOL, COFFEE, FLOUR AND REFINED SUGAR.
24. WHY HAIR IS SOMETIMES OILY?
TALKING ABOUT OILY HAIR MEANS TALKING ABOUT SEBORRHEA. IT IS A SCALP DISORDER WHICH HAS ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES ON HAIR WHICH LOOKS DIRTY, HEAVY, MESSY, OILY AND WITH AN UNPLEASANT APPEARANCE TO BOTH SIGHT AND TOUCH. OILY HAIR IS ONE THE FIRST SIGNS OF ADOLESCENCE: IT APPEARS AT THE BEGINNING OF PUBERTY WHEN SEBUM PRODUCTION BY SEBACEOUS GLANDS INCREASES.
25. WHAT IS SEBUM MADE OF?
SEBUM IS A SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY SEBACEOUS GLANDS AND SECRETED THROUGH FOLLICULAR OSTIUM ON THE SCALP WHERE IT MIXES WITH PERSPIRATION. THE WORD “SEBUM” DERIVES FROM THE LATIN WORD “SEGO” WHICH INDICATES THE LIPIDIC FILM OF SOME ANIMAL HAIR. SEBUM CONTAINS TRIGLYCERIDES, WAX ESTERS, SQUALENE, CHOLESTEROL. IT HAS A pH BETWEEN 3 AND 4 AND, AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, IT IS SEMI-FLUID.
26. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF SEBORRHEA?
TO UNDERSTAND WHY SEBACEOUS GLANDS PRODUCE EXCESS SEBUM, WE MUST CONSIDER THAT THE ACTIVITY OF THESE GLANDS IS REGULATED BY HORMONES. SEBACEOUS SECRETION IS CAUSED AND REGULATED BY THE MALE SEXUAL HORMONES, THE ANDROGENS, WHICH ARE PRODUCED ALSO BY WOMEN. BY THE WAY, GLANDS ACTIVITY IS REGULATED MOST OF ALL BY ITS RECEPTORS. THE NUMBER OF THESE RECEPTORS PROBABLY DEPENDS ON GENETICS. THEREFORE, UNDER THE SAME CONDITIONS, SOME PEOPLE HAVE IPER-FUNCTIONING GLANDS, OTHERS HAVE NORMO-FUNCTIONING GLANDS. SEBORRHEA IS ALSO CAUSED BY STRESS, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION OR UNBALANCED DIETS RICH IN FATS AND SUGARS.